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Products to Prevent, Alleviate or Cure Acne - acne treatment pills and sets, acne treatment creams and acne cleansers
Please click here for general information about acne and to see more products - for example bars and scrubs to treat acne, blemish consealers and body acne treatment products
Welcome to this online presentation of good products to prevent acne, to cure acne or reduce the symptoms of acne, and to treat related skin problems.
Down on this page you can find some information about skin structure and functions and some historical information about acne treatment
Clear pores acne treatment set
- This set contains a rinsing lotion, a day cream and capsules with herbal and other natural ingredients. With this set you clean out clogged pores, you kill the bacteria
causing infection, you stimulate healing, and you control the effects of
overactive hormones on your skin. Key ingredients in the products of the package are
salicylic acid, tea treee oil and herbal extracts.
Treatment kits for oily acne -
- Acne can appear on dry or oilly skin. These kits are specially prepared to treat the more oily versions of skin where the probebess to acne is strongly connected to excessive oil production in the skin.
Actimine acne treatment pills
- Acne is caused by many complex
processes that involve different hormones, enzymes, and the immune system of the
whole body. To treat acne effectively, the chemical processes of the whole
body must be properly balanced. The
ingredients of Actimine will help balance these processes, and this way clear up
your skin, and cure or
reduce the symptoms of acne, such as blackheads, whiteheads, pimples and scarring. Further it prevents new outbreaks of acne and new
occurance of scarring. Key working ingredients are Vitamin A, Zink,
Metylsulphonyl methane and Gum gugul extract.
Please click here to learn more or buy: Actimine
Gel to treat blemishes
- Especially good for oily skin with tendency to develop acne
Exfoliating pads to treat blemishes and fatty deposits
- For daily treatment to take away acne blemishes and fatty deposits on the skin and in the pores.
Facial cleansers good againt acne and deep impurities
- The cleansers also give anti-aging benefits.
Acne treatment kits especially fomulated for men or women
- Twopart kits to treat acne by attacking the deep causes of the process in your skin. Most acne treatment products are formulated to be used both by men and women, but these kits are especially made for the needs of men or of women. The kit contains pills to stimulate inner cleansing and healing and a cream to rinse out the skin fom the outside.
Please go here to find body acne treatment products, acne soaps, blemish hiders and acne scrubs
Other health, skincare and cosmetic items
Help or support against many common diseases: Acne, aging symptoms, AIDS, allergies, Alzheimers disease/dementia, angina, arthritis (osteoarthritis), arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis), asthma, attention deficit disorder (ADD), burns, carpal tunnel syndrome, cholesterol, cronic bronchitis, chronic cough, chronic fatigue sydrom, cognitive problems, colds and flue, congestive heart failure (CHF), Crohn`s disease, depression, diabetes mellitus type 1, diabetes mellitus type 2, eczema, edema, endometriosis, fatigue, fibromyalgia, hair loss, herpes simplex, hyperlipidemia, hypertention, obesity, otitis media.
Please click here to find the right product
Famous quality cosmetics for good prizes
- For men and women. Worldwide shipping. All cosmetic preparations from each producent.
A few producent examples: Anna Sui, Biotherm , Borghese , Bvlgari , Carita ,
Cellex-C, Chanel, Christian Dior , Clarins, Clinique, Darphin , Decleor ,
Dermalogica , Estee Lauder , Guerlain, Guinot.
For all health product to help against common diseases, please go here
For all skin-care and cosmetic product, click here
To see products to enhance erotic life, please click here
The function and structure of the skin
The skin protects the body from outer impacts. It also helps to keep the water and the fluids in the body from sieping out or from evaporating. The skin also helps to give the body its shape, firmness and elasticity. It helps to regulate the body temperature by means of blood flow and sweat. The skin also have aestetic functions.
It consists of three layeres, the outer layer or epidermis, the mid layer called dermis, and the hypodermis at the bottom. The skin has pores that contain sebacious glands and the hair roots, and it has sweat glands.
THE OUTER LAYER - EPIDERMIS
The dermis consists of connective tissue. Important components of this layer are fibers of the elastic protein elastin, and the firmer protein collagen. There are also cells that make these fibres, fibroblats. The fibers give the skin elasticity and also firmness. The dermis have a thin upper layer with thin collgen fibers, the papillary layer. The layer beneath, th ereticular layer, is much thicker and has thick collagen fibers going parallel to the skin surface.
The new cells are gradually pushed towards the surface. While this happens, they get filled with the protein keratine and dry. Each of these cells will eventually get pushed all the way outward into the surface layer of the epidermis and will then be dead flakes consisting mostly of keretine. The cells that are pushed outward are distributed in three sub-layers ditinguihed by their devlopmnt face:stratum spinosum,stratum granulosum and stratum licidum.
The outermost layer of the epidermis, the stratum corneum, consists only of these flat dead flakes of keratine which once were cells pushed outward from beneath. The keratine flakes are constantly worn off by daily mechanical impacts and constantly renoved from beneath. If the skin on a body part gets subjected to hard daily impacts, the cells in the epidermis can react by an increased proliferation of cells, so that the keratine leyers get thicker.
The epidermis also contains corns of the color substance melanin and cells producing this stuff, called melanocytes. The epidermis does not contain blood vessels, but get nourishment and oxygen that diffuse upward from the layer beneath.
THE MID LAYER - DERMIS
The dermis consists of connective tissue. Important components of this layer are fibers of the elastic protein elastin, and the firmer protein collagen. There are also cells that make these fibres, fibroblats. The fibers give the skin elsticity and also firmness.
The dermis has blood vessels, espessially a dense network of very thin vessels called capilaries.The network of capillaries is especially dense just under thee pidermis in order to nourish the dermis that do not have blood vessels.
The dermis have nerves that conduct sensorial impulses towards the central nervous system and nerves conducting impulses to adjust the functions or sweat glands and muscle bundles connected to the hairs. Sense of pain originate from bare nerve endingins. Sense of pressure and motion in the skin originate from sensorial bodies which have the nerve ending in their mid. These are especially dense just beneath the epidermis.
THE INNERMOST LAYER - SUBDERMIS
The subdermis conists of a connective tissue with many of the same components like the dermis. It also have a lot of fat cells in the tissue. The subdermis is very varibly thick depending upon how filled the fat cells are. The fat cells serve as a deposit for energy and nutrients in the form of fat. The subdermis also function as a protective pad for the deeper part of the body againt impacts from the outside. The fat in this layer also serve as isolation against los of heat from the body.
The subdermisn have greater blood vessels that distribute blood througout the skin and up to the dermis, and collect the blood agin to send it back towards the heart and there are greater nerves with thinner branches upp to the dermis.
THE PORES, HAIRS AND SEBACEOUS GLANDS
The skin has pores going from the surface deep to the deepest part of the dermis. The pores are actually sack-like wrappings inward of the epidermis The lining inside these pores consist therefore of epiderial cells.
The hairs grow up from the bottom of the pores. At the bottom there are a bodies around and partially inside the hair root. In this body cells divide and get filled with keratine just as in the epidermis, but the keratine flakes are used to make hars that grow up from the pores.
There is a little muscle attached to each hair, the levator pili muscles. When the muscles contract, the hairs will rise and the skin will also get a more textural structure with a lot or small bumps. The action of the muscles are controlled by nerves in the skin and by reflexes from sensorial imputs and emotions, like feeling cold or being afraid.
At the walls of the pores there are sebaceous glands that make a blending pf oily and vaxy substances, called sebum. Inside these glands new cells are steadily made and these cells make sebum that gradually fill them up. At some point the cells uirst so that the sebum is empited into the pores. The sebum lubricates the hairs and will also be pushed toward the opening of the pore and also lubricate the skin. Around the pore linings there are also glands that makes substances that smell, pheromones. These substances signal emotional information between persons, and stimulate psychological reactions, for example for sexual attraction. The scent from these can be persceived both consciously and sunconsciously.
The cells in the pores sereve as a reserve for repair of the epidermis when it is damaged. With totally damage of the outer epidermis, new epidermis will grow up from the lining of the pores and spread upon the skin surface. The deep of the pores also contain stem cells that can differetiate to other types of skin cells by skin damage.
THE SWEAT GLANDS
The skin also have sweet glands opening up to the surface through small tubes. These glands are shaped like a tube which is coiled up and each gland is furnished by a dense network of blood vessels. Sweat is a blending of water, minerals and some other substandes like pheromones. The sweat cools the body, the body also get rid of wastes by means of sweathing.
This picture shows the anatomy of the skin (A picture from Wikipedia free to copey and reuse)
Acne treatment information
Modern and historic treatment of acne
A lot of treatment modalities have been tried to treat this condition. Most of these have an effect, but some af them have been abandoned because they were impractical or dangerous in some way. Acne consists of 4 main components: 1. Increased sebum production caused by hormonal factors. 2. Clogging of the outlet of pores by a micture of sebum and dead skin cells - comedones, whiteheads, blackheads 3. Aggregation of sebum in the logged pores. 4. Infection and inflammation caused by bacteria living off the sebum. the treatment methods are directed against 1 or more of these factors.
To read more about the acne process, please go here.
Modern topical treatment methods, products and ingredients
Cosmetic anti-acne-products can contain agents to dissolve comedones, agents to kill bacteria, anti-inflammatory agents or all these types of anti-acne agents. They can be made solely for the purpose of treating acne, or they can be cosmetics with the usual purposes of such products with added anti-acne effectors. Cosmetic products with anti-bacterial effects are often called "medicated".
Anti-acne wash or milk: The purpose of these is to dissolve the fatty deposits that clogg the pores so that the content trapped inside the pores are emptied out, and may also contain agents to kill bacteria causing inflammation by acne.
Rinsing lotions and creams with anti-bacterial additives: The purpose of these is to dissolve the fatty deposits that clogg the pores so that the content trapped inside the pores are emptied out and also to kill bacteria that cause the inflammation by acne.
Exfoliating creams or acne scrubs: These creams contain factors that dissolve dead skin cells and comedones much harder than the rinsing products. They must be washed away after use.
Day-cream with anti-acne-effect: These day-creams have added ingredients that help to dissolve the clogging of the pores or may contain anti-bacterial agents also. The dissolved elements are washed away when the cream is removed in the night.
Night-cream with anti-acne-effect: These night-cream have added ingredients that help to dissolve the clogging of the pores or may contain anti-bacterial agents also. The dissolved elements are washed away when the cream is removed in the morning.
Anti-acne soap: This is soap with ingredients to help dissolve the clogging in the pores, and can also contain anti-bacterial agents.
Topical tretinoine therapy (Retin A, Renova): This therapy makes the cells in the epidermis divide faster and thereby the comedones are pushed away by the growing tissue. It also makes the tissue regain faster after damage from the acne process. However, it may also irritate the skin.
Azelaic acid (brand names Azelex, Finevin, Skinoren):This is an ingredient in many rinsing products, polishing products and anti-bacterial products for acne treatment. It is suitable for mild, comedonal acne.
Sulfur: This has recently gained credibility as an alternative topical treatment andmistered as soap, creams, shampoos etc, due to sulphur's antibacterial and antifungal properties.
Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca Oil): This oil has been used with some success, and has been shown to be an effective anti-inflammatory in skin infections.
Heat therapy: Zeno product uses heat at a specific temperature to kill bacteria and to treat mild to moderate acne.
Nicotinamide, (Vitamin B3): Nicotinamide is used topically in the form of a gel, has been shown in a 1995 study to be more effective than a topical antibiotic used for comparison, as well as having fewer side effects. Topical nicotinamide is available both on prescription and over-the-counter. Some users choose to make their own at home, mixing together crushed nicotinamide pills with aloe vera gel. The cause of topical nicotinamide's benefit in treating acne seems to be its anti-inflammatory nature. It is also assumed to stimulate synthesis of collagen, keratin, involucrin and flaggrin.
Salt water bath:
In some cases, people bathing in salt water (pure from the ocean) noticed
lessened redness and decreased size in their acne.
Rofecoxib was shown to improve premenstrual acne vulgaris in a placebo controlled study
Modern oral treatment products, methods and ingredients
Herbal anti-acne pills: These pills helps to normalize the hormonal chemistry of the body and help to make the cleaning mechanisms of the body more effective.
Antibiotic pills: These pills help to kill bacteria that cause inflammation by acne. Some antibiotics, like tetracycline also have antiinflammatory effects, and this effect may also be beneficial.
Oral accutane therapy or Isotretinoine therapy: By this therapy one used a drug over 5 months to normalize the hormonal and internal body chemistry, so that the exagerated sebum production and cell proliferation leading to acne stops. The drug also decreases inflammation. The therapy imply some danger, and can therefore only be used under close medical supervision.
Contraseptive pills: Some variants pf these pills can also help against acne, and are sometimes prescribed to women for this purpose.
Zinc: Orally administered zinc gluconate has been shown to be effective in the treatment of inflammatory acne, although less so than tetracyclines.
Modern physical and surgical treatment of acne
Surgical emptying of pimples: By this methods the clogged pores are opened by an instrument and the content gently pressed out.
Intralessional corticoid therapy: If severe inflammation develops around a pimple, one can inject cortisone or other steroid drugs to bring down the inflammation.
Laser therapy to burn away acne components: Laser can be used as treatment aginst acne. Laser will heat the targeted skin, but several components or manifestations of the acne process will be heated in different degrees depending on the color of the laser light. By varying the intensity of the laser light one can also vary the intensity of the heating and the burning effects, and by using thin rays smaller spots can be treated selectively with a higher intensity.
Varying the laser waves these ways, several effects can be achieved selectively. Bacteria in a wider area can be killed without affecting the skin very much. Miscolorings can be burned away. Pimples can be destroyd or they can be punctuated in the middle so that they more easily empty. Scares can be smoothened out.
Radio frequency therapy to burn away acne components: By this therapy radio waves with short wavelength are directed towards the skin. The skin will then be warmed up, but some components will be heated more than others. What components will be most heated depend on the wavelength used. By this therapy bacteria in the skin can be killed.
Laser therapy to stimulate healing of damages done by acne: By this therapy one use small intensity laser beam with a wavelength that penetrates deep into the skin. The skin will not be burned in any way. The energy absorbed will stimulete healing processes. This form of laser therapy may help to heal scars. It may help to bring the color-producing calls back to an active level so that skin depigmentated by the acne process get its color back again.
Chemical peel: By chemical peel, etching chemicals are used that remove skin tissue to some depth, and then the skin have to grow back from beneath. It is used against severe scars and miscoloring after acne.
Electric therapy on acne spots: Electricity directed at the pimples can dry out the tissue around the comedones, and make them fall off.
Popping pimples: It is possible to empty ripe pimples oneself by stinging a sterile needle though the comedone and gently squeesing the content out.
Light therapy: Blue and red light is used against acne, either only blue light or a combonation of blue and red light. The blue light kills the bacteria and lessens inflammation.The mechanism appears to be that a porphyrin (Coproporphyrin III) produced within P. acnes generates free radicals when irradiated by blue light. Particularly when applied over several days, these free radicals ultimately kill the bacteria Red light is supposed to stimulate the skin to heal.
Surgical abbration: This mathod has been used to smoothen strongly scarred skin, but are by now mostly abandoned.
X-ray therapy: This therapy is fairly effective in reducing the processes by acne, but it is dangerous. It can cause long term skin damage and cancer. It is since abandoned. However, as late as the 1960eths this therapy was propagated as a clean and effective way to treat acne.
Use of ultraviolet light to treat acne: Until recently ultraviolet light was a recommended method for treatment of acne. It can possibly reduce the bacterial activity. It can reduce the inflammation process. It may possibly smoothen scarring by induce peeling or by stimulating new cell growth. The treatment can however also cause damages and cancer, and the treatment is now abandoned.
However, people need some ultraviolet light on the skin in a regular fashion for the production of vitamin D and other stimulating effects. This recommended amount of ultraviolet light is possibly best achieved by lettig the skin be exposed to sunlight within regular intervals and within reasonable doses, and this may also alleviate acne.
Hot sulfurous mineral water bath: In Ancient Rome bathing in hot, and often sulfurous, mineral water was one of the few available acne treatments. One of the earliest texts to mention skin problems is De Medicina by the Roman writer Celsus.
Bensyl Peroxide: Benzoyl Peroxide was used in the 1920es.
Laxatives: Laxatives were used as a cure for what were known as 'chastity pimples around 1930.
About azelaic acid
The organic compound azelaic acid has the chemical formula (CH2)7(CO2H)2. Azelaic acid is therefore a saturated
carboxylic axid with thwo carboxylic groups and 7 carbon atoms between these. In dry condition it is a white powder which is highly solvable in water. It is found naturally as many other related compounds, for example in wheat, rye, and barley. It is further produced by Malassezia furfur (Pityrosporum ovale), a yeast that living on normal skin. It is industrially produced by the ozonolysis of oleic acid
Bacic medical properties of azelaic acid
As it has two carboxylic acid groups. it has a mild eching effect. This effect is one of the reasons it is useful as a skin conditioner and rinser.
Azelaic acid reduces the growth of bacteria, for example those in the skin follicles (Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus epidermidis).
It dissloves comedones and horny layer in the skin.
Azelaic acid helps the skin to cells in the epidermis and in the follicles to return to normal growth so that som much horny substance is not produced any more.
Azelaic acid reduces pigmentation, propery useful for people that have excessive or uneven pigmentation because of skin disorders, for example melasma and actinic lentigines.
It reduces inflammation.
It works as a scavenger of free radicals and is thus an antioxidant.
Azelaic acid is Non-toxic, and is well tolerated by most patients. Azelaic acid
does not result in bacterial resistance to antibiotics, reduction in sebum
production, photosensitivity (easy sunburn), staining of skin or clothing, or
bleaching of normal skin or clothing.
Uses of azelaic acid
Treatment of acne: Azelaic acid is used to treat mild to moderate acne. It is useful against both comedonal acne and inflammatory acne. It works in part by stopping the growth of skin bacteria that cause acne, and by keeping skin pores clear.
Rosacea treatment: Azelaic acid is also used as a topical gel treatment for rosacea, due to its ability to reduce inflammation.
Hair loss treatment: Azelaic acid stimulates heir growth and is therefore used in products against heil loss and heir thinning.
Reduction of hyperpigmentation: Azelaic can be used to reduce inwanted pigmentation due to several conditions.
In some cases, females have reported hair growth on face and neck. A concentration of more that 20% can irritate the skin and it should therefore not be used without survaillance by a fyscician in higher concentrations. Azelaic acid can lead to reduced pigmentetion that is not wanted.
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This information is nutritional in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. This notice is required by the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.