The Abicana webstore

  eMail:  aquila_grande@yahoo,no


  Back to main menu- all health products


Products to help for digestive problems

On this site you will find natural product to cure digestive irregularities or give support against symptoms and consequences of chronic ailments of the digestive tract.

Please click at the banner or links to learn more or buy. Further down on this site you can read about the friendly bactrium strain Lactobacillus aesidophilus and othert ingredients of these products.

Help for digestive problems

A GOOD PRODUCT FOR GENERAL DIGESTIVE SUPPORT - This product gives you nutrients, enxymes and stimulants that will support a good function of the whole digestive system. Active ingredients: Calcium, Pepsin, Bromelain, Ox Bile, Pancreas Substance, Papine, Pancreatin, Protease, Amalayse, Lipase, Cellulase Enzymes, Betaine Hydrochloride.

HEMORRHOIDS - pills to be taken by mouth - Avatrol. This medicine helps for problems like external hemorrhoids, internal hemorroids, red blood in stool caused by hemorrhoids, iching caused by hemorrhoids or pain and swelling caused by hemorrhids.

Please click here to buy or learn more: Avatrol

The ingredients are: Horse Chestnut,  Arginine,  Oat Straw, Cascara Sagrada, Butchers Broom, Cayenne, Zinc  


HEMORRHOIDS - Boiron Avenoc suppositories - Suppositories for local treatment of hemorrhoids.  By clicking at the link you will also find ointments and pills to treat hemorrhoids.

Pleace click here - Boiron Avenoc (Hemorrhoids) - 12 Suppositories

Active ingredients: Aesculus hippocastanum, Collinsonia canadensis, Hamamelis virginiana


ACIDIC REFLUX or GERD decrease remedies -  Here is a natural homeopathic drug based on herbs and natural saline substances to help to cease reflux of acidic stomach content up through the throut. By clicking at that link you can find even more antireflux drugs.

Presented here is also a wedge to use during sleep so that your upper body and head gets into a position that helps to hinder reflux and several kind of breath problems during sleep, like snoring and sleep apnea.

Aqua Flora's Acid Reflux Restoration 2 fl oz

Aqua Flora's Acid Reflux Restoration 2 fl oz

Description: Acid Reflux Restoration 2 fl oz.--- For fast relief of acid reflux, burning pain, sour stomach, belching, indigestion, nausea, stomach pains and distention.--Nano Potentiated For Optimal Results.Ingredients: Argentum nitricum, calcarea carbonica, calcarea silicata, calcarea sulphurica, carbo vegetabilis, natrum carbonicum, natrum phosphoricum, nux vomica, robinia pseudoacacia and sulphuricum acidum. Each ingredient is in equal volumes of 10x, 30x, and LM1 potencies in a pure water base.Directions: Before initial dose, depress pump spray 4-5 times to prime. Hold King Bio's medically metered pump spray right up to your lips very close to mouth and spray one dose under your tongue. The adult dose is two complete pump sprays. Doses should be taken orally and held under the tongue for 30 seconds, then swallowed.

Hudson Industries CC3015WQC1  Sleep Wedge For Acid Reflux

Hudson Industries CC3015WQC1 Sleep Wedge For Acid Reflux

Sometimes all you need for a better nights sleep is to elevate your top half and the Hudson Sleep Wedge for Acid Reflux makes it easy and comfortable to achieve this position. This wedgeshaped pillow is made of breathable AirFlow foam that gently supports your back and neck at the perfect angle to alleviate your symptoms. The foam has a soft quilted cover that adds extra padding and is removable and washable. Designed for use by one person this pillow can be used under fitted sheets or kept on top. Doctors recommend this elevated sleep position to solve common sleeping problems like acid reflex snoring sinus irritation and sleep apnea.

IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME AND OTHER BOWEL, STOMACH AND INTESTINAL IRREGULARITIES - This product regulate intestinal and bowel functions to normal levels, and thereby it will also have a good effect  against the variety of symptoms caused by irregular bowel functions like hard stool, loose stool, engorgement, lazy bowel, too active bowel,  cramps and passing of much air.

COLON CLEANSING CURE - Inner Cleanse System - For thorrough clesning of the colon and restoration aof normal colon function.

Botanic Choice #739 Colon Cleanse Formula

Botanic Choice #739 Colon Cleanse Formula

New Life and Vitality Begin with a Clean Colon

Severely stuffed, poluted and disturbed colon and digestive function - This cleansing set is of good help when the colon and the whole digestive tract is stuffed with hard and irritating waste and afflicted by growth of unhealthy microbials and parasites. It will help for steadily reoccuring symptoms, such as an inflated stomach, cramps, gas production, dull bowel responce, difficulty to pass stool, sometimes diarrhoe, general uneasy feelings, and lack of energy.

DIARRHOEA or loose stool - Advosis - This natural remedy makes the content of the colon firmer. It also isolates irritating substances that make the bowels react too vigorously

Please click here to read more or buy - Advosis

DIGESTIVE CRAMPING and colic - Here a good product against digestive cramping in kids. By clicking through the first link you can also find products to help for cramping in the adult digestive system, genital cramping and leg cramps by using the search term: cramps

Kids 0-9 Remedy, Colic, Raspberry Oral Solution 0.85 fl oz: K

Kids 0-9 Remedy, Colic, Raspberry Oral Solution 0.85 fl oz: K

Homeolab Kids 0-9 Colic salms your colicky baby the natural way! Colic can be very painful for your baby and distressful for you. The next time your baby cries from colic or gas pain, reach for Homeolab Kids 0-9 Colic Oral Solution and watch the tears disappear. Homeolab Kids 0-9 Colic is a great-tasting, easy-to-administer oral solution that gets to the source quickly to help eliminate your baby’s discomfort. This homeopathic medicine helps relieve symptoms associated with colic: intestinal gas abdominal pain bloating nausea burping Benefits: Safe No harmful side effects .

DIGESTIVE INFLAMMATIONS - Ablene. - Inflammations of the digestive tract are often serious and needs professional attention. Early symptoms of such disease are: diarrhea, abdominal cramping, severe weight loss, decreased appetite, low-grade fever, sometimes rectal bleeding. However, such disease and the medication against inflammation often make the body deficit in essentional nutrients. Used as an adjuvant to professional treatment, Ablene helps reduce the inflammation process and replenishes the body with these nutritants, and thus improves the health condition for persons suffering from Chron's disease.

Click here to buy or learn more: Ablene

GLUTEN INTOLERANCE CONSEQUENCES - Alorex - By gluten intolerance, staying away from foods containing gluten is the primary treatment. However, gluten intolerance can have caused injuries to the intestines that are not easily totally healed. Also the diet used by gluten intolerance easily contain too little of some nutrients. Trerefore persons suffering from gluten intolerance often have problems caused by nutrient deficiencies. This supplement has the purpose of remedy these deficiencies.

Please click here to learn more or buy - Alorex

More products to help for health problems

Spa products for detoxification, inner cleansing and rejuvenation - By use of these products you can pull toxins and inpurities out of your body and get generally rejuvenated. You can also fine many good beauty products and hair styling products at this site.

Verseo Default Logo 2

All types of herbs in bulk and as concentrates. Homeopathic products, natural remedies, diet supplements, spices, coffees and teas - This store has a huge inventory of herbs and herbal preparations for medical use or to enjoy as teas and spices. There are also many homeopathic products and natural remedies against stomach problems and other conditions. There are also remdies for the gereral health and against diseases in all body systems.

Car tools and much more

Please click here to see all disease treatment products - something to help for most common health issues

Products to enhance erotic satisfaction and to help for sexual problems

Skincare, anti-aging, cosmetics

All categories of products - automotive, hobby, fashion, health, electronics, music

About some of the ingredients of these natural drugs

Lactobacillus acidophilus

Lactobacillus acidophilus is one of several bacteria in the genus Lactobacillus. It is in some countries sometimes used commercially together with Streptococcus salivarius and Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus in the production of acidophilus-type yoghourt.

Lactobacillus acidophilus gets its name from lacto- meaning milk, -bacillus meaning rod-like in shape, and acidophilus meaning acid-loving. This bacterium thrives in more acidic environments than most related microorganisms (pH 4-5 or lower) and grows best at 45 degrees Celsius.  L. acidophilus ferments lactose into lactic acid, like many (but not all) lactic acid bacteria. Certain related species (known as heterofermentive) also produce ethanol, carbon dioxide, and acetic acid this way. L. acidophilus itself (a homofermentative microorganism) produces only lactic acid. Like many bacteria, L. acidophilus can be killed by excess heat, moisture, or direct sunlight.

Lactobacillus acidophilus and similar organisms are normal inhabitants of body cavities like the intestines, mouth, vulva, vagina and the penis head, and protect against unfriendly bacteria. The breakdown of nutrients by L. acidophilus produces lactic acid, hydrogen peroxide and other byproducts that make the environment hostile for undesired organisms. L. acidophilus also tends to consume the nutrients many other microorganisms depend on, thus outcompeting possibly harmful bacteria.

The protective effects against unfriendly organisms is important for the health of the entire digestive system. A University of Nebraska study found that L. acidophilus fed to cattle resulted in a 61% reduction of Escherichia coli 0157:H7. The beneficial effects have also been observed for the prevention of oral or gastrointestinal Candidiasis infections.

Lactobacillus acidophilus and similar organisms are also important for the normal digestive process. During digestion, L. acidophilus also assists in the production of niacin, folic acid, and pyridoxine. L. acidophilus can assist in bile deconjugation, separating amino acids from bile acids, which can then be recycled by the body. Some people report L. acidophilus provides relief from indigestion and diarrhea.

As a result of this beneficial effect on the digestive system, these bacteria are also important for the total bodily health.

Friendly bacteria, like Lactobacillus acidophilus, also inhabit the vulva and vagina and are also very important for the health condition of the female genitals. The bacterium protects the vagina, uterus and urinary tract from being invaded by pathogenic organisms. It protects the vagina and vulva from unfriendly bacteria and counteract the condition called bacterial vaginosis where there is an imbalance in the amount of the different organisms inhabiting the vagina and an overgrowth of bacteria that result in symptoms like bad odor and itching. The acid produced by L. acidophilus in the vagina helps to control the growth of the fungus Candida albicans and thus helping to prevent vaginal yeast infections.

Certain spermicides and contraceptive creams can kill L. acidophilus in the vagina, clearing the path to possible yeast infections.

Regular cleaning of the vagina by douche has been regarded as a good hygienic measure. This has proven to be wrong because the douche takes away the Lactobacillus and makes it easier for bacteria to infect the vagina. However, if a bad vaginal flora is allready present, a douche with lactobacillus containing fluid for some days can help to cure the condition.

Some research has indicated L. acidophilus may provide additional health benefits, such as a boosted immune system and reduction of serum cholesterol levels.

Antibiotics taken orally will also kill beneficial bacteria like L. acidophilus. After a course of antibiotic therapy, patients are occasionally instructed to take an L. acidophilus treatment in order to recolonize the gastrointestinal tract.

L. acidophilus is often sold in health stores in pill or powder form as a nutritional supplement. Research on the nutritional benefits of taking L. acidophilus supplements is inconsistent and inconclusive.


Rhamnus purshiana and Cascara segrada

Cascara segrada is the dried and  ground bark of the tree Rhamnus purshiana

Rhamnus purshiana (Cascara Buckthorn, Cascara, Bearberry, and in the Chinook Jargon, Chittam or Chitticum; syn. Frangula purshiana) is a species of buckthorn native to western North America from southern British Columbia south to central California, and inland to western Montana.

It is the largest species of buckthorn, occasionally growing up to 15 m tall, though more commonly a large shrub or small tree 5-10 m tall, with a trunk 20-50 cm in diameter. The bark is brownish to silver-grey with light splotching. The leaves are deciduous, alternate, clustered near the ends of twigs; they are oval, 5-15 cm long and 2-5 cm broad with a 0.6-2 cm petiole, dark shiny green on top, fuzzy and paler green below. The flowers are tiny, 4-5 mm diameter, with five greenish yellow petals; the flowering season is brief, disappearing by early summer. The fruit is a berry 6-10 mm diameter, bright red at first, quickly maturing deep purple or black, and containing three seeds.

It grows in moist, acidic soils in the shady side of clearings or in the marginal forest understory, near the edges of mixed deciduous-coniferous forests. It typically grows as a second-generation tree after alders have colonized a barren plot of land.

The dried aged bark of this tree is called cascara segrada. In small doses it makes the intestines work more efficiently. In greater doses it works as an laxative.

Cascara segrada also works mildly anticeptic and aids against bacteria attacking the teeth.

ascara segrada has been used continuously for at least 1,000 years by both native and immigrant Americans as a laxative natural medicine, commercially called "Cascara Sagrada", but old timers call it "chitticum bark".

Cascara Sagrada means "sacred bark" in Spanish. The much more pertinent name chitticum means "shit come" in Chinook Jargon; chittam comes from the Chinook Jargon phrase chittam stick = "laxative tree" which is similarly from the English word "shit".

Long used as a laxative by Native American groups of the northwest Pacific coast, chitticum bark or Cascara Sagrada was accepted in medical practice in the United States in 1877, and by 1890 had replaced the berries of the European Buckthorn (R. catharticus) as a commonly used laxative. It has been the principal ingredient in many commercial, over-the-counter laxatives in North American pharmacies.On 9 May 2002, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a final rule banning the use of aloe and cascara sagrada as laxative ingredients in over-the-counter drug products.


Oat and oat straw

The fibres in the oat straw stimulates the intestines to work better. Oat straw also has antidepressant othereffects, and the substances of oat straw helps against inflammatory conditions in the skin.  Since conditions like hemorrhoids implies inflammation in the skin or mucosa in this area, this effect is of value to treat hemorrhoids.

Oats are generally considered "healthy", or a health food, being touted commercially as nutritious. The discovery of the healthy cholesterol-lowering properties has led to wider appreciation of oats as human food.

Oat bran is the outer casing of the oat. Its consumption is believed to lower LDL ("bad") cholesterol, and possibly to reduce the risk of heart disease.

After reports found that oats can help lower cholesterol, an "oat bran craze" swept the U.S. in the late 1980s, peaking in 1989, when potato chips with added oat bran were marketed. The food fad was short-lived and faded by the early 1990s. The popularity of oatmeal and other oat products again increased after the January 1998 decision by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) when it issued its final rule allowing a health claim to be made on the labels of foods containing soluble fiber from whole oats (oat bran, oat flour and rolled oats), noting that 3 grams of soluble fiber daily from these foods, in conjunction with a diet low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and fat may reduce the risk of heart disease. In order to qualify for the health claim, the whole oat-containing food must provide at least 0.75 grams of soluble fiber per serving. The soluble fiber in whole oats comprise a class of polysaccharides known as Beta-D-glucan.

Beta-D-glucans, usually referred to as beta-glucans, comprise a class of non-digestible polysaccharides widely found in nature in sources such as grains, barley, yeast, bacteria, algae and mushrooms. In oats, barley and other cereal grains, they are located primarily in the endosperm cell wall.

Oat beta-glucan is a soluble fiber. It is a viscous polysaccharide made up of units of the sugar D-glucose. Oat beta-glucan is comprised of mixed-linkage polysaccharides. This means that the bonds between the D-glucose or D-glucopyranosyl units are either beta-1, 3 linkages or beta-1, 4 linkages. This type of beta-glucan is also referred to as a mixed-linkage (1→3), (1→4)-beta-D-glucan. The (1→3)-linkages break up the uniform structure of the beta-D-glucan molecule and make it soluble and flexible. In comparison, the non-digestible polysaccharide cellulose is also a beta-glucan but is non-soluble. The reason that it is non-soluble is that cellulose consists only of (1→4)-beta-D-linkages. The percentages of beta-glucan in the various whole oat products are: oat bran, greater than 5.5% and up to 23.0%; rolled oats, about 4%; whole oat flour about 4%.

Oats after corn (maize) has the highest lipid content of any cereal, e.g., greater than 10 percent for oats and as high as 17 percent for some maize cultivars compared to about 2–3 percent for wheat and most other cereals. The polar lipid content of oats (about 8–17% glycolipid and 10–20% phospholipid or a total of about 33% ) is greater than that of other cereals since much of the lipid fraction is contained within the endosperm.

Oat is the only cereal containing a globulin or legume-like protein, avenalins, as the major (80%) storage protein. Globulins are characterized by water solubility; because of this property, oats may be turned into milk but not into bread. The more typical cereal proteins are gluten and prolamines [clarify]. The minor protein of oat is a prolamine: avenin.

Oat protein is nearly equivalent in quality to soy protein, which has been shown by the World Health Organization to be the equal to meat, milk, and egg protein. The protein content of the hull-less oat kernel (groat) ranges from 12–24%, the highest among cereals.

Oat used by Celiac Disease:
Coeliac disease, or celiac disease, from Greek "koiliakos", meaning "suffering in the bowels", is a disease often associated with ingestion of wheat, or more specifically a group of proteins labelled prolamines, or more commonly, gluten.

Oats lack many of the prolamines found in wheat; however, oats do contain avenin[3]. Avenin is a prolamine that is toxic to the intestinal submucosa and can trigger a reaction in some celiacs.[4]

Although oats do contain avenin, there are several studies suggesting that oats can be a part of a gluten free diet if it is pure. The first such study was published in 1995[5]. A follow-up study indicated that it is safe to use oats even in a longer period (Janatuinen EK, Kemppainen TA, Julkunen RJK, Kosma V-M, Mäki M, Heikkinen M, Uusitupa MI. No harm from five year ingestion of oats in celiac disease. Gut 2002:50;332-335).

Additionally, oats are frequently processed near wheat, barley and other grains such that they become contaminated with other glutens. Because of this, the FAO's Codex Alimentarius Commission officially lists them as a crop containing gluten. Oats from Ireland and Scotland, where less wheat is grown, are less likely to be contaminated in this way.[citation needed]

Oats are part of a gluten free diet in, for example, Finland and Sweden. In both of these countries there are "pure oat" products on the market.


Peppermint (Mentha × piperita) is a (usually) sterile hybrid mint, a cross between watermint (Mentha aquatica) and spearmint (Mentha spicata). It is occasionally found wild with its parent species in central and southern Europe, but the first intentional crossbreed of watermint and spearmint was done in England. Being sterile, it spreads by rooting.

The stems are from 30-70 cm tall, rarely up to 100 cm, smooth, and square in cross section. The leaves are from 4-9 cm long and 1.5-4 cm broad, dark green with reddish veins, and with an acute apex and coarsely toothed margins. The flowers are purple, 6-8 mm long, with a four-lobed corolla about 5 mm diameter; they are produced in whorls around the stem, forming thick, blunt spikes. Flowering is from July to September.

Peppermint is generally regarded as 'the world's oldest medicine', with archeological evidence placing its use at least as far back as ten thousand years ago.

Peppermint has a high menthol content, and is often used as a flavoring in tea, ice cream, confectionery, chewing gum, and toothpaste. The oil also contains menthone and menthyl esters. It is the oldest and most popular flavor of mint-flavored confectionery. Peppermint can also be found in some shampoos and soaps, which give the hair a minty scent and produce a cooling sensation on the skin.

Peppermint is traditionally used against against upset stomachs, to inhibit the growth of certain bacteria, and can help smooth and relax muscles when inhaled or applied to the skin. Other health benefits are attributed to the high manganese, vitamin C and vitamin A content; as well as trace amounts of various other nutrients such as fibre, iron, calcium, folate, potassium, tryptophan, magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids, riboflavin, and copper.

Peppermint oil has been demonstrated to reduce colicky abdominal pain due to irritable bowel syndrome. If a greater amount of the remedy is used for this purpose, wrapping to release the content slowly is necessary because the oil is irritant to the stomach in greater quantities. Peppermint relaxes the gastro-oesophageal sphincter, thus promoting belching.

Peppermint flowers are large nectar producers and honeybees as well as other nectar harvesting organisms forage them heavily. A mild, pleasant varietal honey can be produced if there is sufficient acreage of plants.

Areas of North America where peppermint was formerly grown for oil often have an abundance of feral plants, and it is considered somewhat invasive[citation needed].

In the United States, Washington ranks number one in production of Peppermint Oil


Calendula (pot marigold) is a genus of about 12-20 species of annual or perennial herbaceous plants in the daisy family Asteraceae, native to the area from Macaronesia east through the Mediterranean region to Iran. For other plants also named 'marigold', see marigold. It is also the flower of the month October.

The name Calendula stems from the Latin kalendae, meaning first day of the month, presumably because pot marigolds are in bloom at the start of most months of the year. The common name marigold probably refers to the Virgin Mary, or its old Saxon name 'ymbglidegold', which means 'it turns with the sun'. Marigolds are hardy plants that typically bloom quickly (in under two months) in bright yellows, reds, and oranges throughout the summer and well into the fall.

Marigolds are considered by many gardening experts as one of the most versatile flowers to grow in a garden, especially since it is hardy and easy to grow. Seeds sown in the spring, in any soil, will germinate freely in sunny or half-sunny locations. They do best, however, if planted in sunny locations with rich, well-drained soil. The leaves are spirally arranged, 5-18 cm long, simple, and slightly hairy. The flower heads range from pastel yellow to deep orange, and are 3-7 cm across, with both ray florets and disc florets. They have a spicy aroma and are produced from spring to autumn in temperate climates. It is recommended to deadhead (removal of dying flower heads) the plants regularly to maintain even blossom production.

Marigolds are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Cabbage Moth, The Gothic, Large Yellow Underwing and Setaceous Hebrew Character.

The ointment of this herb helps to to cure a range of skin problems from burns to acne as it has properties that reduce inflammation, control bleeding and soothe irritated tissue. It is used internally or topically for minor wounds, eczemas and cysts as well as diaper rash and cradle cap in infants. These types of symptoms are abundant by hemorrhoids, and therefore extracts from this plant are useful ingredients in topical hemorrhoid ointments.

Also, when planted near tomato plants in the garden, Marigolds help to eliminate aphids.

Marigold petals are considered edible. They are often used to add color to salads, and marigold extract is commonly added to chicken feed to produce darker egg yolks. Their aroma, however, is not sweet, and resembles the smell of hops in beer. The oil from its seed contains calendic acid.


Evening primrose

Oenothera is a genus of about 125 species of annual, biennial and perennial herbaceous flowering plants, native to North and South America. It is the type genus of the family Onagraceae. Common names include evening primrose, suncups, and sundrops.

The species vary in size from small alpine plants 10 cm tall (e.g. O. acaulis from Chile), to vigorous lowland species growing to 3 m (e.g. O. stubbei from Mexico). The leaves form a basal rosette at ground level and spiral up to the flowering stems; the leaves are dentate or deeply lobed (pinnatifid). The flowers open in the evening, hence the name "evening primrose", and are yellow in most species but white, purple, pink or red in a few; there are four petals. One of the most distinctive features of the flower is the stigma with four branches, forming an X shape.[1] Pollination is by Lepidoptera (moths) and bees; like many members of the Onagraceae, however, the pollen grains are loosely held together by viscin threads (see photo below), meaning that only bees that are morphologically specialized to gather this pollen can effectively pollinate the flowers (it cannot be held effectively in a typical bee scopa). Furthermore, the flowers are open at a time when most bee species are inactive, so the bees which visit Oenothera are also compelled to be vespertine temporal specialists. The seeds ripen from late summer to fall.

Oenothera species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Schinia felicitata and Schinia florida, both of which feed exclusively on the genus, the former exclusively on O. deltoides.

In the wild, evening primroses acts as primary colonizers, springing up wherever a patch of bare, undisturbed ground may be found. This means that they tend to be found in poorer environments such as dunes, roadsides, railway embankments and wasteland. It often occurs as a casual, eventually being out-competed by other species.

The genus Oenothera may have originated in Mexico and Central America. During the Pleistocene era a succession of ice ages swept down across North America, with intervening warm periods. This was repeated for four ice ages, with four separate waves of colonization, each hybridizing with the remnants of the previous waves. This generated a present-day population that is very rich in genetic diversity, spread right across the North American continent.

It was originally assigned to the genus Onagra, which gave the family Onagraceae its name. Onagra (meaning "(food of) onager") was first used in botany in 1587, and in English in Philip Miller's 1754 Gardeners Dictionary: Abridged. Its modern name Oenothera was published by Carolus Linnaeus in his Systema Naturae. William Baird suggests that since oeno means "wine" in Greek it refers to the fact that the root of the edible Oenothera biennis was used as a wine flavor additive.

Cultivation and uses: Young roots can be eaten like a vegetable (with a peppery flavour), or the shoots can be eaten as a salad. The whole plant was used to prepare an infusion with astringent and sedative properties. It was considered to be effective in healing asthmatic coughs, gastro-intestinal disorders, whooping cough and as a sedative pain-killer. Poultices containing O. biennis were at one time used to ease bruises and speed wound healing. One of the common names for Oenothera, "Kings cureall", reflects the wide range of healing powers ascribed to this plant, although it should be noted that its efficacy for these purposes has not been demonstrated in clinical trials.

The mature seeds contain approximately 7-10% gamma-linolenic acid, a rare essential fatty acid. The O. biennis seed oil is used to reduce the pains of premenstrual stress syndrome. Gamma-linolenic acid also shows promise against breast cancer.[2]

Evening Primroses are very popular ornamental plants in gardens. For propagation, the seeds can be sown in situ from late spring to early summer. The plant will grow successfully in fertile soils if competing species are kept at bay. Evening primrose species can be planted in any ordinary, dry, well-drained garden soil (preferly sandy loam) in an open site that is sunny to partly shady. They are fairly drought-resistant.

The first plants to arrive in Europe reached Padua from Virginia in 1614 and were described by the English botanist John Goodyer in 1621. Some species are now also naturalized in parts of Europe and Asia, and can be grown as far north as 65° N in Finland. The UK National Council for the Conservation of Plants and Gardens, based at Wisley, maintains an Oenothera collection as part of its National Collections scheme.



Senna is a large genus of about 250–260 species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, subfamily Caesalpinioideae. This diverse genus is native throughout the tropics, with a small number of species reaching into temperate regions.

Typically Senna species have yellow flowers. Some species of Senna are notable for being host to particular butterfly species — for instance Cloudless Sulphur butterflies.

Senna alexandrina is a small shrub, about 0.5-1 m high, with a pale green smooth erect stem, long spreading branches, bearing four or five pairs of leaves. The flowers are small and yellow, the pods broadly oblong and containing about six seeds.

Senna is an Arabian name, and the plant is grown mostly in Nubia. Twice a year the plants are cut down, dried in the sun, stripped and packed in palm-leaf bags and sent on camels to Essouan and Darao then up the Nile to Cairo or else to Red Sea ports.

It is a purgative, similar to aloe and rhubarb in having as active ingredients anthraquinone derivatives and their glucosides. Its action is on the lower bowel, and is especially useful in alleviating constipation. It increases the peristaltic movements of the colon.

The pods are milder in their effects than the seeds as they contain less of the resin responsible for griping.

Another species of senna, Cassia obovata, is used as a hair treatment with effects similar to henna, but without the red color. The active component is an anthraquinone derivative called chrysophanic acid, which is also found in higher concentrations in rhubarb root. It adds a slight yellow color. Cassia obovata is often called "neutral henna".


Rose plants and Rose hips

Rosa plants are several species of the genus Rosa belonging to the family rosaseae. The plants are perennial herbs or more often bushes with spined branches. Roses have composite leaves and great flowers with numbers of petals varying between the species.

Roses grow in all parts of the world, and especially at the northern hesmisphere. The probable origine of the genus is the Himalayan area.

In addition to the wild species, there are many cultivated and artificially created forms. The number of species is steadily changing because of mutations and crossings. Roses are extensively cultivated for decorative purposes and to some extend to produce herbal medicines and fruits, rose hips, for consume as food.

From the petals of roses one extracts an etherical oil that is used in perfumes.

Generally prefer roses to grow in the sunlight, but many varieties also thrive in partial shade. The cultivated varieties are greedy for food supply and demand good, slightly fluffy soil to develop the maximum. Most roses prefer a neutral or slightly alkaline soils. An old rule says that new rose plants should not be planted where it has grown roses before. The old earth must in that case be replaced down to a depth of at least 50 cm.

Rose hips

The rose hip, also called the rose haw, is the pomaceous fruit of the rose plant. It is typically red to orange but may be dark purple to black in some species.

Rose hips of some species, especially Rosa canina (Dog Rose), have been used as a source of Vitamin C. Rose hips are commonly used as an herbal tea, often blended with hibiscus and as an oil. They can also be used to make jam, jelly and marmalade. Rose hip soup is especially popular in Sweden. Rhodomel, a type of mead, is made with rose hips.

Health benefits: Particularly high in Vitamin C, with about 1700–2000 mg per 100 g in the dried product, one of the richest plant sources.
Rose hips contain vitamins A, D and E, and antioxidant flavonoids.
As an herbal remedy, rose hips are attributed with the ability to prevent urinary bladder infections, and assist in treating dizziness and headaches. Rose hips are also commonly used externally in oil form to restore firmness to skin by nourishing and astringing tissue.
Brewed into a concoction, can also be used to treat constipation.

Usage: Rose hips are used for the creation of herbal tea, jam, jelly, syrup, beverages, pies, bread and marmalade and Innocent Smoothies, amongst others. Rose hips are famous for being used in the Naked Juices "power c".

A few rose species are sometimes grown for the ornamental value of their hips; such as Rosa moyesii, which has prominent large red bottle-shaped fruits.

Rose hips were used in many food preparations by indigenous people of the Americas.

Rose hips are used for colds and influenza. The Latin binomial for this herb is Rosa. Laevigata.

(Most of the information is compiled from


These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is nutritional in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. This notice is required by the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.