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About Therapeutic Bath and Spa

Bath to help cure diseases, increase beauty or improve general condition has been used since early in the history of mankind. This type of treatment can also be extremely pleasurable, a fact that has added to the popularity of these therapeutic modules. There are many types of therapeutic bath, going under different names that combine certain properties and ingredients in several ways.

Applications of warm water and the effects of warm water on the body

Laying in a tube or using a douche with warm water is a simple techique. The warm water makes the small blood vessels in the skin and beneath the skin relax, and the volume of the blood and lymph vessels increase. There will therefore be a higher throughput of fluid from the blood vessels into the rooms between the cells in the tissues and the amount of fluid in the lymph vessels increase. This will make it easier for the tissues to get nourishment and oxygen and to deliver vastes into the lymph system.

Warm water is also relaxing for the mind and through this effect  also for the muscles, and for the blood vessels going through the muscles. The flow of fluid from the blood vessels into the space between the muscle cells will increase, and the volume in the lymph system draining the muscles will increase. It will thereby be easier for the msucles to take up nourishment and deliver vastes, such as lactic acid, into the lymph system. The relaxing effect on the mind make worries go away and improve the sleep.

The greater volume of fluid in the tissues and the greater penetrability in vessels and in the tissue components also make it easier for molecules and cells in the immune system to come into the tissues and clean out harmful objects and substances.

Applications of cold water and the effects of cold water on the body

After the worm bath, there is a common practice to take a cold shower or a swim in a cold pool. The shower or swim has the oppsite effect of the warm water in some ways, but in a good sense. The cold water make the small mucles in the skin and undelaying tissues to constrict dynamically again, and attain an effective dinamic mode of function. Also the cold water is stimulating psycologically, but in a good sense. Cold water also has a hardening effect on the body and mind and a training effect upon many physiological mechanisms, especially those mechanisms that regulate blood flow, lymph flow and temperature regulation. One learns to withstand impacts that can feal painful in the moment.

Applications of suana in combination with cold water

Sauna or Roman bath is often combined with the watery baths. By sauna one sits in a heated room where the air temperatura can reach around 100 degrees celcius. Water is added to the source of heat making the air dampy. The high air temperature, especially when the air is humidified in this way induces heavy sweating and haevy bloodstream in the skin. The increased blood flow and sweating has a general cleansing effect on the body and on the skin. By Roman bath the air is held absolutely dry. It does not involve so much sweating in the sauna.

After the sauna or Roman bath one typically takes a cold shower or a swim in a cold pool.

Applications of added substances or naturally occuring extra substances

The water in mineral sources has dissolved substances that give additional effects, or one can add such substances to a tub bath. Generally it is concidered better that the substances are occuring naturally in the water. If this is essential or not, is difficult to prove or disprove, but a substance that has been there all the time, will be better entangled with the water molecules in a quantum mechanical sense, and that may be of importanse.

By adding several ingredients to the warm bath, specific effects can be achieved. One can get a generally stimulating effect, a rinsing effect can be achieved, an antibacterial effect willl often occur, inflammations can be reduced or a mild  inflammation can be produced. Sometimes a mild inflammatory reaction is beneficial and helps the body to get rid of harmful objects and substances.

Use of sulphure and sulphuric compounds

Warm springs used to get water for therapeutic bath often have a high content of sulphur compunds and some content of hydrogen sulphide. Hydrogen sulphide in greater amounts is toxic and has an unpleasant smell, but in timy amounts like in those spring waters, the prensen of the compund is felt pleasantly.

Sulphur bath is bath with added ingredients of sulphur compound or with added a colloid suspension of elemetary sulphur. Such baths may give alleviance against skin diseases like psoriasis.

Use of aromatic oils

Aromatic oils stimulate bodily functions and functions of the mind, and stimulate the blood flow in the skin tissues. This is achieved both through the senses of smell and taste, and because small anounts of the ingredients penetrate into the tissues and generally stimulate the dynamics of many tissue processes. Some of these oils will also have a desinfectant effect and anti-microbial effect, and thereby help to get rid of infections.

Aromatic oils can also help to dissolve fatty vastes stuck in the pores and snall folds in the skin, and thereby make the skin more beautyfull, help empty clogged pores and improve the functions of the skin. By making the pores more open, the skin can more easily release protecting vaxes aqnd other useful substances to the surface.

Traditional aromatic ingredient used in baths are pine needle oil, lavendel oil, rosemary oil, eucalyptus oil and camphor.

Use of carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxid is another ingredient that can be added to the water. The boubles of the gas will give a special stimulating and pleasant tickling. A traditional way of doing so in many spas is to add sodium bicarbonate to the water and then add some amount of an acid.

Use of mineral salts

Salt can also be added, and especially seasalt that contains a lot of minerals. Dead sea salt is said to be one of the most useful variants. One can also add special salts like potassium cloride or magnesium sulphate. The salt drains out impurities in the skin. Salt dissolves thickened horny layers, so-called calluses. It soothes itching and irritation as by insect bites, psoriasis and eczema. Salt also helps scarred skin to normalize and helps to restore water ballance in the skin. The salt helps to relax tense muscles nd soothe aching in the muscles. Salt help to give deep general relaxation.

The minerals of the salt are furthermore taken upp and utilized by the physiological processes in the skin.

Salty blendings mimicking natural mineral salts are also produced to be used in the bathing water, of which Epson salt is the best known.. Epson slat konsists of magnesium sulfate, sodium chloride (table salt), sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), sodium hexametaphosphate (Calgon, amorphous/glassy sodium metaphosphate), sodium sesquicarbonate, sodioum tetraborate (borax). Epson salt have an anti-inflammatory effect.

Some history

Therapeutic bath, often based on water from warm springs, mineral water springs or even warm mineral water springs were popular in the ancient greek and Roman regions and there were numberous public baths based on these natural resources. The bath were often supplemented with massage services or other physicl treatments.

The number of bathing services and other physicalic therapies has since that time steadily increased and a place that offer all these types of services is commonly called a Spa, a term getting its name form the Belgian cuty Spa that has a famous institution for therapeutic baths and physicalic services. The natural therpeutic bath insritutions are not only based on the natuarl occuring water, but commonly also the climatic conditions on the specific places. Many of those are situated in the Mediterranean region with a warm and dry climate with much sun during the day. The application of the natural sun-rays is also a traditional ingredient of the total thereaputic offers at these places.

A pioneer in bath therapy, also called water therapy or hydrotherapy, was the German priest and naturopath Sebatian Kneipp. He designes in th eighteen hundredths several bathing methods for use to strengthen the body's defence against diseases and to cure diseases. He ran his own hydrotherapy clinic and a lot of spas were fonded in Europe and America that used his methods. Kneipp had a wholistic appoach to health strengthening and his system also contains dietic advices, exercise and mental treatment modules.

About Sauna

Sauna is an enclosed area where the air is heated to a fairly high temperature and also humidiziced by letting water avaporate.Often it is a room in a house or it can be a separate cottage ment for that purpose. People usually sit in the sauna naked or with minimal clothes on and the heat together with the humidity induse grest sweat secretion. The sauna is often associated with nearby bathrooms or swimming facilities, often with cold water.

The international word sauna comes from Finland and the Finnish form of sauna is also the most well-known, but many cultures have variations that are close to the Finnish one. These include the North American sweat lodge, the Turkish hamam, the Roman Thermae, Maya's temescal and the Russian banja.

The sauna provides an electric or wood-fired oven with stones. Typically, there are wooden betches to sit or lie on. Other equipment is the water bucket, ladle, thermometer and humidity gauge. In a Finnish sauna, there are also birch twigs with leaves on.

The users of the sauna start to heat up the oven until the temperature becomes high fit. In between one is sprincling a little water on the stones that then avaporates as steam and blends into the air. This also transfers heat from the stones to all the areas in the room. The users sit sweating a shorter or longer while, but eventually they go out and cool themselves with cold water. The cooling can be by sprincling cold water onto the body, by cold douche or by taking a cold dive or swim.

Outdoor saunas are often built near some natural lake, pool or river.. By the winter it is common to end the sauna session by dipping oneselves or swimming in the cold water, often through a hole chopped in the ice.

Sauna is considered to be healthy and cleansing for both body and soul and to be relaxing. Those who have heart disease and certain other ailments should however use the sauna with caution.

According to older sources sauna were common in Scandinavia in the Viking area. Since swimwear was unknown, and both sexes had the same bathday, this was something that was disliked by the clergy. The use gradually fell into oblivion in the Middle Ages, but in Finland there has been an unbroken tradition.

In former time the Finnes used the sauna for many purposes. Home births were often done in the sauna. Newborn babies were washed for the first time in the sauna. Saunas are also traditional places for social gatherings. Finnish politicians, like the Finnish president, used to invite top leaders from the Soviet Union to the sauna to nurse friendship and having political conversations in a pleasurable athmosphere.

Bt Finnish tradition usually one heats the sauna before going in, so you will be sweating on a quiet and comfortable way. Then one throws water on the stove to increase the humidity and the users usually like to spank each other lightly with a bundle of birch twigs put together for such uses, a so-called vihta.

A special type of sauna is the infrared sauna, called IR sauna, where the heating will mainly occur through infrared radiation.

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These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This information is nutritional in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. This notice is required by the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.