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About physiological causes of obesity and physiological changes by obesity


The complete reason behind obesity is a complicated interaction between social, psychological and physiological elements. Furthermore, both the physiological and psychological changes exerted by the increased weight and by the process of gaining weight tend to maintain the unhealth weight level, mostly by stimulateing a constant feeling of hunger.

Here is a survay of the most important physiological components causing and maintaining over-weight

Some bacic facts about weight gain

If you eat more fat or sugar than you need for basic physiological processes, for the maintainance of body temperature and for your activities, the body must somehow handle this extra input. One way this is done is by increasing the basal methabolizm to yield heat. Another way is by storing the material taken in as fat.

Normally a person is capable of increasing the basal metabolism to some extend so that a moderate over-consume will not result in excessive fat deposits. The extra intake of fat and sugar is simply burned away. However many persons have only small abilities to increase their basal methabolism after an extra intake of energy-rich meals, and will gain weight from any amount of extra intake.

Obesity is therefore generally either caused by an decreased ability to burn away fat, that is a decreased basal metabolism, or by a habit of consuming more sources of energy like fat and sugar than their metabolism can handle. Also people with normal levels of metabolism will gain weight if they habitually eat in excess of a ceratin amount.

Weight homeostasis

Ecery person has a set of regulatory mechanisms that tend to keep the weight at a certain level. By many obese pesons this mechanism is et to a wrong value so that any weight loss to reduce the obesity will be couteracted by several physiological mechanisms. The hunger will increae so that the person eats more again. The basic metabolism will decrease. The person will feel more tired and thereby reduce his activity level.

One regulatory mechanism that secures that homeostais is the hormone leptine that is secreted by fat cells. The fuller the fat cells are, the more leptine is produced. The leptine reduces hunger and increases basal metabolism so that more fat is burned.

Over-weight caused by a too high energy intake in proportion to energy consume

Here are listed some reasons why people aquire an over-weight or get obese. Several reasons kan apply simultanously for one and the same person, but an overconsume of the total food amount, the amount of carbohydrates or the amount of fat is nearly allways a causal factor.

- A too great consume of sugar or carbohydrates will make it impossible for you to burn it away even if you are physically active, and they will be stored as fat in your body.

- A too great consume of fat will also make it impossible for you to burn it away even if you are physically active, and it will be stored as body fat.

- A too great total amount of food consumed will also make you obese.

- Too little physical activity will make fat and carbohydrates deposit as fat in your body instead of being used as an energy source.

- Consuming mainly carbohydrates with a high glycemic index increase the storing of fat in your body, for example carbohydrates contained in: Pure sugar, refined bread and cereals, sweet beverages, cakes, cookies. These kinds of carbohydrates make your blood sugar level rise high, and the deposition of fat in your body will increase.

- Getting too less vitamins and minerals make your burning of fat and sugar less effective.

- Getting the wrong mixture of fat in the diet can make your fat burning process less effective: Too much saturated fat. Too much Omega-6-poly-unsaturated fat. Too much cholesterole. Chemically altered fat. Too little mono-unsaturated fat. Too little omega-3-poly-unsaturated fat.

- Too little muscle mass. Muscles consume fat and sugar.

Hormonal disturbances as cause of obesity

A possible cause of obesity and low basal metabolism is reduced secretion of the hormone thyroxine and other hormones from the thyroid gland, because these hormones regulate and mostly increase the basal metabolism.

Hypothyroidism, a disease where the thryroid galand produces too little thyroid hormons, decrease the fat burning and dispose for over-weight.

The hormone insuline stimulates storing of fat and decreases burning of fat and carbohydrates. Person consuming much carbohydrates, and especially carbohydrates with a high glycemic factor, that is those that rapidly is taken up in the blood, will secret more insuline. Thereby the metabolism is reduced and more fat go into the fat cells.

Diebetic persons tend to get obese. A person with dianetes type 2 do not react enough upon insuline secreted. The pancreas gland will often counteract the lack of reaction by secreting even more insuline. The high level of insuline will then lover the metabolism  and therby lower the burning of fat. By treatment of diabetes type 1 and somtimes also type 2 with insuline, the furnished insuline amount can often be constantly too high. Then the body will react by burning less fat and by storing more fat in the fat cells.

Fat tissue makes a hormone called leptin, and fat tissue satisfied with enough fat stored makes more leptin than unsatisfied fat tissue. Leptine reduces appetite and increases burning of fat and sugar and thereby regulates fat deposits to certain levels. Some individuals make too less leptine and this results both in over-eating and reduced burning of an eventual  excessive energy intake. Some of these indivioduals seem to have a genetic defect. The low level of leptine production will set the body weight homeostasis to a too high level and thereby make it difficult to loose weight and remain

Lack of vitamins and minerals that contributes to obesity

Other possible causes are lack of vitamins and minerals, like vitamine B6 ( pyridoxine ), magnesium and chromium, or a wrong mix of fatty acids in the diet, with too low content of essential unsaturated fatty acids.

Automatic physiological effects counteracting slimming

When a person tries to slim off the fat, the body may lower its metabolism even more, making it difficult to take off fat.

This is partly a kind of defence mechanism against starvation that was of use in earlier days when the food supply was unsecure. But it also is due to lack of nutrient caused by the slimming process.

The mechanism is partly an automatic slowdown of the basal metabolism, and partly caused by an increased feeling of being tired, so that one decreases one's own activity level.

Another cause of this effect is that When the food intake is lower, the body gets even less of some essential nutrients that it needs for its metabolic activity. Then the burning of fat will decrease.

Changes in the bodily constitution when a person gets obese

When a person gains weight, this is done in three ways. It partly happens by filling the fat cells by fat, partly by filling the fatty cells with water and partly by increasing the number of fat cells. An increase in number of fat cell occur especially in children and teens that get obese, so that childhood obesity gives a solid foundation for permanent obesity in adult life.

The proliferation of fatty cells most easily happen in early childhood, in the puberty and if the gaining of fat is very rapid.

The increased number of fat cells is difficult to get rid of, and since each cell tend to take up fat and protect the fat from being broken down, those cells make it difficult to slim away the excessive fat again. These cells also acts like a sack with a certain volume, and when the fat goes out, they tend to be filled with water instead. By the slimming process, the cell membranes of the fat cells need a period to shrink, so they cannot contain so much water any more, before essential weight reduction occur.

By knut Holt



Products to help reduce weight and get a better health condition

Help to reduce weight and get a slim body

Monitors to measure the percentage of fat in your body By using a body fat monitor you can follow from day to day your fat percentage and see if your slimming efforts are successful or not. Here is presented such a monitor that uses the electric resistance in your body to measure your fat content, water content and weight. Through this link you can also find many more body measure products.

Omron Fat Loss Monitor with Scale

Omron Fat Loss Monitor with Scale

Omron's Fat Loss Monitor with Scale (Model HBF-400) helps users monitor their overall weight while determining body-fat percentage, a true indicator of healthy weight loss--the loss of fat, not muscle and body mass index (BMI). The HBF-400 is a fast and accurate tool that provides critical health indicators.Product Features:* Easy to read large digital display. * Weight, body fat % and BMI in seconds. * 4 personal profiles with previous measurements results. * One scale for the whole family. * Weight capacity up To 330 lbs.Omron's Weight Management products help you monitor progress in achieving a healthier, more active lifestyle. Whether your goal is to maintain or improve overall health, lose weight or get more energy in your daily life, physical activity is essential to staying healthy.

Omron Athlete Body Fat Analyzer

Omron Athlete Body Fat Analyzer

Features of the Omron Athlete Body Fat Analyzer: Measurement of body fat composition is the key to long-term exercise success. The Omron hand held body fat analyzer is an affordable and easy way to measure body fat in the privacy of your own home. After inputting the data, a measurement can be started by simply holding the grip electrodes and pressing the START button. Athlete mode for accurate results with athletes. Additional body mass index reading provides added tracking ability. Save time with 9 personal profile memory. Provides accurate and quick results in 7 seconds.

Teas to help you clean out toxins and get slimmer - Excessive weight is partly due to toxins deposited in your body. The toxins not only make it difficult to get rid of fat, but also makes you heavier and engorged by retension of water and by an overfilled digestive system. These herbal teas adress this problem.

Triple Leaf Super Slimming Tea 20Bags

Triple Leaf Super Slimming Tea 20Bags

Traditional Herbal Support While Dieting Description: Helps Promote Cleansing & Detoxification The Super Slimming Herbal Tea Tradition This potent blend was used traditionally in China to help promote cleansing, detoxification, and digestion. Senna and malva verticillata were used to promote cleansing herbology. It was used to tonify the stomach and spleen, and to augment and harmonize the action of the other herbs. Persimmon and papaya were used to support healthy stomach function and digestion. Orange and tangerine peels were used to help relieve occasional indigestion and bloating, and were said to move stagnant "chi".

Good Earth's Tea Slimming 15Bags

Good Earth's Tea Slimming 15Bags

Supports Weight Loss Description: Authenic European Herbal Formula in use for over 75 years ? Slimming Tea supports weight loss with Birch Leaf & Goldenrod Slimming TeaTM supports weight loss by stimulating the production of urine to get rid of excess water and waste products. This premium herbal tea is formulated according to an authenic Swiss traditional recipe - a blend of herbs with long history of use combination.

Help to remove fat - Promera-sports/capsi-blast - This product stimulates your body to break down and remove fat, and the energy yielded helps you to keep you warm and excert vital actions during work and sport activities

Please click here to find this and other good products from ProMera Sports

Help to increase your metabolism and thereby eliminate fat on your body - This product helps to increase your metabolism so that fat gets taken away and the energy in that fat will be able for you to increase your activity level, which will make you eliminate even more fat. It also regulates appetite to a lower level.

Burn Fat with Corti-Thin

ProShapeRx - helps slimming by lowering a too high appetite, by partly blocking uptake of calories, by increasing fat burning and by enhancing bodily activity - The slimming effect of this natural drug originates from four main principles: Decreasing of a too strong appetite, lowering uptake of starch from the intestines and storage of fat, stimulating fat metabolism so that you burn and eliminate more fat and making you feel more vital so that you increase your physical actiities.

APPETITE CONTROLE formulas - For some people the main obstacle to succeed in slimming is a too big appetite. These herbal products may then help.

Botanic Choice Super Herb Diet MAX-Advantage 60 capsules

Botanic Choice Super Herb Diet MAX-Advantage 60 capsules

Super Herb Diet Max Advantage by Botanic Choice with Relora can help you reach your weight loss goals by helping you control your appetite.

ACAI BERRY PRODUCTS - Acai berries may help you to gain energy, burn fat and thereby loose weight. They may also help with the health for the circulatory system. The berries are also rich in anti-oxidants. Through this link you can buy this acaii product and many others. There are products in the form of powdered berries, berry extracts and capsules. Acai is often recommended to be used together with colon cleanse for maximum results. through this link you can also find colob cleanse products.

Botanic Choice Acai Slim Complex 90 capsules

Botanic Choice Acai Slim Complex 90 capsules

Acai Slim Complex by Botanic Choice helps curb cravings and boost energy for weight loss support.

Acai Heat Fat Burner

Products to help for problems often occuring together with excessive weight

HELP FOR HYPOTHYROIDISM / sluggish thyroid - a condition that often leads to excessive weight - Unwanted weight gain is an important symptom of sluggish thryroid function. Some or more of these symptoms can occur: Fatigue, obesity, coldness in hands/feet/ears, low blood pressure, yellow hand color, dry skin and hair, poor memory, depressive feelings, unnormal appetite for sugar, decreased blood circulation, itching or rashes, constipation, low metabolic rate. This natural drug stimulates the function of the thoroid gland and furnishes materials that the gland uses to make the thyroid hormons.

Get Thyroid Relief!

EDEMA treatment pills - Edema is an acumulation of fluid in the whole body and parts of the body and this causes swelling of body areas and excessive weight. This over-weight do not consist of fat, but of water. Capisette facilitates the normal blood and lymph flow and reduces inflammation and thereby works against edema.

Please click here to learn more or buy - Capicette

EDEMA - Pycnogenol - Pycnogenol is a anti-oxydative extract from the French marine pine tree bark that has shown good effect against edema, inflammatory processes and degenerative changes.

Solgar Pycnogenol 30mg 60Caps

Solgar Pycnogenol 30mg 60Caps

Product Information:Supplement FactsServing Size 1Servings Per Container 60 Veggie Caps Amount PerServing % DailyValue PYCNOGENOL EXTRACT 30 Mg N/A** Daily value not establishedDirections: As a dietary supplement for adults, one (1) to two (2) Vegetable capsules daily, preferably at mealtimes, or as directed by a healthcare practitioner.Other Ingredients: Microcrystalline cellulose, vegetable cellulose, vegetable stearic acid, vegetable magnesium stearate, water.Does Not Contain: Sugar, salt, starch, corn, yeast, wheat, soy, dairy products, preservatives, artificial flavors or colors.Warnings: If you are pregnant, nursing, taking any medication or have a medical condition, please consult your healthcare practitioner before taking any dietary supplement. Do not use if outer bottle seal is missing, torn or damaged in any way. To assure freshness and potency, store at room temperature 15-30 C (59-86 F). Store away from heat, light and moisture. Keep out of reach of children. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Bitter melon extract to normalize blood sugar levels: - Many persons haing a weight problem also have the problem of too high blood sugar levels or diabetes. Bitter melon extract may help to normalize the blood sugar levels. This effect may also help against the weight problem.

Solaray's Bitter Melon Extract 500mg 30Caps

Solaray's Bitter Melon Extract 500mg 30Caps

Solaray's Bitter Melon Extract 500mg 30CapsDescription: Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia,) also known as bitter gourd, karela or balsam pear, may be as effective as insulin, in some cases. It stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas and blocks the formation of glucose in the bloodstream. It also provides pain relief from neurological complications and delays the onset of cataracts or Retinopathy.Nutrition InformationServing Size 1 Servings Per Container 30 Capsules Amount Per Serving % = DV BITTER MELON 500 MgBitter Melon Extract Other Ingredients Gelatin (capsule) and cellulose.Bitter Melon Extract Suggested Use by Solarays:As a dietary supplement, take one capsule two times daily with meals or a glass of water.Related Tags: Bitter Melon Extract, Solarays, Caps

Diabetes mellitus type 2 - or problems with high blood sugar levels - This product is not curative for diabetes type 2, but it enhances the ability to adjust the blood sugar levels towards a normal valuie.

Help for high cholesterole levels - This product is formulated to give help against excessive cholesterole levels and problems associated with this basic origine

Remedy to help you keep the right blood pressure level - These tablets are formulated to benefit the cardiovascular endothelial, to strengthen the heart function, to ease blood flow, to defense the cirulatory system against antioxidants and thereby help to maintain a normal blood pressure.

Lower High Blood Pressure Naturally

COLON CLEANSE and total digestive system rehabilitation - This is a 10 day cure to cleaning out all deposited waste, toxins and parasites from your colon and the rest of your digestive system.

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Some other health products

General medical store - Sometimes weight problems creates needs for special nursing equipment and daily life support. In this shop you will all kinds of equipment for nursing and to make the daily life easier for people suffering from physical impairments.

Brand Name Medical Supplies

Verseo - products for bodily comfort, relaxation, slimming cellulite reduction and more - In this store you find many smart products for rejuvenation, regeneration, detoxification of the skin, digestive system, muscles, joints and hair. You also find spa and massage products for pleasurtable and relaxing body treatment.

Verseo Default Logo 2

BODYBUILDING AND SPORT SUPPLEMENTS - also products to make you slim and to help by a variety of manifest ailments - Here you will find a huge inventory of supplements to stimulate muscle growth, to nourish the growth of muscles, to give you energy for training, to make you slim and firm, to prevent health problems and to solve manifest health issues. If you are searching for a prticular product within these areas, you are likely to find it here.

PRODUCTS AGAINST SEXUAL PROBLEMS and items to make a good sex life even better - for women and men - Here you will find products to help you get better lubrification,  help for anatomical problems with your genital organs, items to help you get better erections, products to enhance your sexual drive, products to increase the good feelings in your sexual body parts, medicines to enhance your fertility, your semen production or semen quality.

Products for men and women to improve sexual potency, abilities and satisfaction - please click here

To find more innovative medicines

More cosmetic products

Natural products to prevent disease

Products to improve sexual life